ADR Methods

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Child Protection Mediation

Child Protection Mediation (CPM) is one of the prescribed methods for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the Child & Family Services Act of Ontario. CPM is a decision-making process for resolving disputes between a children’s aid society (CAS) and the family of a child who is (or may be) in need of protection. Funding from the Ministry of Children & Youth Services supports the use of ADR if a court intervention is being considered, is pending, or is in progress.

Click here to read a full description of the CPM method.

Family Group Conferencing

Family Group Conferencing (FGC) is one of the prescribed methods for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the Child & Family Services Act of Ontario. FGC is a decision-making process for resolving disputes between a children’s aid society (CAS) and the family of a child who is (or may be) in need of protection. Funding from the Ministry of Children & Youth Services supports the use of ADR if a court intervention is being considered, is pending, or is in progress.

Click here to read a full description of the FGC method.

Indigenous Approaches/ODR

Indigenous Approaches/Original Dispute Resolution is one of the prescribed methods for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the Child & Family Services Act of Ontario. ODR is a decision-making process for resolving disputes between a children’s aid society (CAS) and the family of child(ren) who are (or may be) in need of protection. Funding from the Ministry of Child & Youth Services supports the use of ADR if a court intervention is being considered, is pending, or is in progress.

Click here to read a full description of the ODR method.

Other/4th Option

The 4th Option or “Other” is one of the prescribed methods for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the Child & Family Services Act of Ontario. The 4thOption is a unique method of ADR to be utilized in circumstances where one of the other prescribed methods (FGC, CPM or ODR) is not available or where another method is deemed more suitable. This is a decision-making process for resolving disputes between a children’s aid society (CAS) and the family of a child who is (or may be) in need of protection. Funding from the Ministry of Children & Youth Services supports the use of ADR if a court intervention is being considered, is pending, or is in progress. There are specific criteria for 4th Option or “Other” referrals.

Click here to read a full description of the Other/4th Option method.

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